Chhattisgarh has often been dubbed rice bowl of Central India, with the main crop being Paddy. Apart from paddy, cereals like maize, kodo-kutki and other small millets, pulses like tur and kulthi and oilseeds like Groundnut, Soybean, Niger and Sunflower are also grown. Yet productivity is not very high. This brought a new thrust on the sector of Horticulture, as the region is also suitable for growing Mango, Banana, Guava and other fruits and a variety of vegetables.
Horticulture is growing popularity owing to the high value of horticulture produces than agriculture crops. However, there needs to be a greater impetus in boosting the irrigation resources of the state and in promoting horticulture in intensive mode in the state. According to the old and existing data, a brief analysis is made on the status of Horticulture in the state which is furnished below. However, fresh efforts are being made to generate and compile statistical data through systematic data collection on Horticulture crops in the state.
- To improve the well being of indigenous and local communities by adopting integrated horticulture development and livelihood development.
- To augment the income of landless farmers, rural women, marginalized social groups and small farmers of selected tribal dominated villages in the state.
Horticulture plays important role in livelihood security of poor farmers. It provides food security and perennial source of income to poorest of poor. It is a dynamic tool for ensuring ecological sustainability.